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Today, 80% of patients are treated with non-removable equipment, which, due to its duration, significantly reduces the quality of life; the amount of soft plaque around the base of the locks increases, especially in the cervical areas and contact points, which leads to a quantitative and qualitative change in the composition of micro flora and the appearance of foci of demineralization in these areas. An increase in the pathogenic activity of micro flora and microbial mass occurs, and the cariogenic effect of Streptococcusmutans increases. The analysis of scientific research has shown that fixed orthodontic technique is characterized by prolonged intervention in the homeostasis of the oral cavity, leads to the occurrence of comorbid pathology and has an adverse effect on both the oral mucosa and hard dental tissues.
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