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At the beginning of the XX century, the Georgian society faced various challenges of vital importance. On the one hand, in conditions of Russian colonial policy, Georgian people didnt have civil political rights and on the other hand, in spite of abolition of serfdom Georgian peasantry still continued to cultivate the lands of landowners which raised the dissatisfaction of people and increased their social activities. They demanded to establish democratic governance. It should be mentioned that the liberation movement in Georgia coincided ongoing revolutionary processes in the Russian empire. Analysis and the general comprehension of the current situation and concrete facts give basis to conclude that at the beginning of the XX century national liberation and social-liberation movements in Georgia merged each other.
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